Green spruce aphid (Elatobium abietinum) is an insect that infests spruce trees. Unlike most aphids, the green spruce aphid is active and causes damage to spruce trees (Picea species) over the winter months. This aphid differs from most other aphids by being active from autumn to spring, instead of in the spring and summer. This pest is particularly damaging in mild winters, which enable it to breed more rapidly.
For more information, check out the following links:
- The Green Spruce Aphid - a pest of spruce in Ireland (COFORD Connects Series leaflet Silviculture and Forest Management No. 4)
- The Green Spruce Aphid - Teagasc
- The influence of climate change on forest insect pests in Britain - Forestry Commission Research Note (March 2016)